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It grows best in moist, humus-rich, neutral soil, in partial to full shade and prefers little competition. Small white hanging flowers in the shape of an arrowhead. One of the first blooming spring ephemerals. Its nectar can be accessed by the huge bumble bee queens, who are still out foraging when the plant blooms in April. Smaller bees will chew holes in the flowers to get to the nectar but don't pollinate them. Seeds are dispersed by ants. All parts of the plant are toxic. The plant will be dormant since it dies back by mid-June.


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Dutchman's Breech, Dicentra canadensis

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